Did you know Vivaldi was a priest, and Holst was a high school teacher? Ten composers who didn’t quit their day jobs.
Not too long ago, artists would often hold down day jobs. T.S. Eliot sketched out “The Waste Land” between the hours of seven and midnight, all while brokering foreign accounts at Lloyds Bank during the day. Ernest Hemingway famously worked as a reporter for the Toronto Star. Then something strange happened; the idea of being a successful artist with a day job disappeared. Philip Glass got a taste of it when he showed up on a call to fix an errant appliance. “While working,” Glass said in an interview in 2001, “I suddenly heard a noise and looked up to find Robert Hughes, the art critic of Time magazine, staring at me in disbelief. ‘But you’re Philip Glass! What are you doing here?’ It was obvious that I was installing his dishwasher and I told him that I would soon be finished. ‘But you are an artist,’ he protested. I explained that I was an artist but that I was sometimes a plumber as well and that he should go away and let me finish.”
Here’s a list of 10 composers who struggled to keep afloat in a society that doesn’t always value art enough to keep the lights on:
1: Philip Glass: Taxi Driver, Mover, Plumber
It wasn’t until Philip Glass was 43 that the parapet of Minimalism could support himself as a composer. He worked as a taxi driver, furniture mover and plumber while creating his avant-garde works such as “Music in Twelve Parts” and “Einstein on the Beach”. Glass chose jobs that he said didn’t have “meaning”, so his spirit would be left to music.
2: Charles Ives, Insurance, Estate Planning
Charles Ives’ work as a composer was largely ignored for much of his life. His unique blend of American popular and church-music traditions and European art music was not acknowledged until he won a Pulitzer Prize for Music at age 73. Before that, he worked as a clerk with the Mutual Life Insurance Company, co-founded an insurance agency, and became a whizz at estate planning. Ives favoured the stable life style that a regular job provided, and believed if a composer, “has a nice wife and some nice children, how can he let them starve on his dissonances?”
3: Alexander Borodin, Organic Chemist
Alexander Borodin was just as talented as a research chemist and as a composer. As a specialist in organic chemistry, he earned favour with several prestigious research and teaching positions. His most noted scientific discovery was the ‘aldol reaction’ – a process of forming carbon bonds in organic chemistry. His discovery is still used today to create soaps, adhesives, varnishes and medications.
4: Iannis Xenakis, Architect
Xenakis was obsessed with complex musical forms and architectural structures. Xenakis obtained an engineering degree in Athens then moved to Paris to seek political exile after WWII. There, he worked for the famous architect Le Corbusier to design several important buildings. Xenakis eventually left architecture in 1959 to apply his ideas exclusively to music.
5: Antonio Vivaldi, Priest
Though Vivaldi’s name resonates as one of the most important composers of the Baroque era, his main official vocation was as a priest. His red hair earned him the nickname ‘Il prete rosso’ (the red priest). He was ordained at age 25, and one year later was given a dispensation due to his suffering from asthma. The job gave him the free time to teach violin to the orphans of the Ospedale della Pietà and compose large amounts of works, including his “Four Seasons”.
6: Ignacy Paderewski, Politician
After a long and successful career as a composer, Paderewski reinvented himself at age 51 as a politician. He ran for office and was elected as the first Prime Minister of independent Poland after WWI. However, his life as a politician proved to be short-lived, and he resigned as Prime Minister after just 11 months on the job. He later returned to music and vowed never to leave it again.
7: John Cage, Graphic Designer
Known as an important “think outside the box” composer, John Cage made ends meet by working for a leading New York advertising agency designing business cards, office stationery, advertising campaigns and company Christmas cards. He also worked as an art director and designer of typography. His work in advertising inspired many of his later works, especially his use of graphic notation.
8: Gustav Holst, School Teacher
Holst worked in London as the Director of Music at St Paul’s Girls’ School until the end of his life in 1934. He also worked as Director of Music at an adult education institute. During this time, he spent weekends composing such works as The Planets, St Paul’s Suite and Brook Green Suite. His students were a major influence on his work.
9: Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Navy Officer
While Rusian-born Rimsky-Korsakov was most notable as a composer, he was also a dedicated officer in the Russian navy. While out to sea for a three-year stint, he wrote his First Symphony. He eventually became a Professor of Music at the St Petersburg Conservatory and taught composition and orchestration. He always taught his classes wearing his naval uniform and was honoured with a special post as Inspector of Naval Bands. The post, created especially for him, allowed him to continue earning money while not being on active military duty.
10: Eric Whitacre, Model
Known for his chiselled chin and golden blond hair, the Juilliard-trained choral composer Eric Whitacre was signed in 2011 as a professional male model for the notable Storm Modelling Agency (Cara Delevingne and Cindy Crawford). “Together with Storm, I hope to create new partnerships and develop projects and creative platforms that work on a number of different levels.” The world’s first composer/model has arrived.